Muscle training in muscular dystrophies

  Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Division of Neurology and Clinical Neurophysiology, Karolinska Hospital, Sweden   ABSTRACT There has been a debate for many years on whether muscular training is beneficial or harmful for patients with myopathic disorders and the role of exercise training in the management of these patients is still controversial. Much of this confusion is because of the lack of well-designed controlled training studies on this heterogenic group of disorders. Because effective therapies are still lacking, the patients have to rely on symptomatic treatment in which continuous physiotherapy…

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Pathophysiology of Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy: Current Hypotheses

Duchenne muscular dystrophy is a devastating inherited neuromuscular disorder that affects one in 3300 live male births. Although the responsible gene and its product, dystrophin, have been characterized for more than 15 years, and a mouse model ( mdx) has been developed, comprehensive understanding of the mechanism leading from the absence of dystrophin to the muscular degeneration is still debated. First, dystrophin is considered a key structural element in the muscle fiber, and the primary function of the dystrophin-associated protein complex is to stabilize plasma membrane, although a role of…

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Beneficial Effects of Clinical Exercise Rehabilitation for Children and Adolescents with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD)

ABSTRACT Magnusson JE, Cobham C, McLeod R . Beneficial Effects of Clinical Exercise Rehabilitation for Children and Adolescents with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). JEPonline 2012;15(2):71-79. Although exercise programs have shown health and behavioral benefits for individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD), more information is needed about the types of exercise used and how programs are designed to enhance their effectiveness. The purpose of the current study was to investigate if an individually-tailored, high-intensity exercise program would have a positive effect on the physical fitness and behaviors of children and adolescents…

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Η Mέθοδος «Ρυθμική Dalcroze»

Περίληψη Στο κείμενο αυτό επιχειρείται να παρουσιασθεί η μέθοδος Dalcroze όπως αυτή εφαρμόζεται στο πλαίσιο της παρέμβασης και υποστήριξης παιδιών και εφήβων με ειδικές ανάγκες. Αρχικά διευκρινίζεται η σχέση της μεθόδου Dalcroze αναφορικά με τους όρους: “Παιδαγωγική Μουσικοθεραπεία”, “Μουσικοθεραπεία”, και “Χρήση της Μουσικής στην Ιατρική”. Στη συνέχεια αναλύονται οι αρχές που τη διέπουν, οι άξονες στους οποίους εδράζεται (νόμος της πολικότητας, της υποστηρικτικής αλληλεπίδρασης και της ρυθμικής αντιστάθμισης) και υπογραμμίζεται ο ρόλος της μουσικής και της κίνησης που επιτρέπουν στη μέθοδο να δρα σε εκπαιδευτικό και θεραπευτικό επίπεδο. Ιδιαίτερα, αναδεικνύεται…

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Piriformis syndrome

Piriformis syndrome is a neuromuscular disorder that is caused when the piriformis muscle compresses the sciatic nerve. The piriformis orginates from the sacrum and attaches to the femur. The sciatic nerve is the largest nerve in the body (L4-S3) and usually emerges below the piriformis muscle, however variations have been shown in many studies (see Figure 1). The patient may complain of a deep aching pain in the buttock or a radiating sharp pain that extends along the middle of the rear thigh. Sometime numbness and tingling can continue to…

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Lateral epicondylalgia: a musculoskeletal physiotherapy perspective

SUMMARY. Tennis elbow or lateral epicondylalgia (LE) is a challenging musculoskeletal condition to treat. This is largely due to the lack of research-based evidence of the clinical efficacy of the myriad of treatment approaches espoused in the literature. In view of this, successful rehabilitation of LE is based on choosing treatments that address the physical impairments found during clinical examination. The primary physical impairment in LE is a deficit in grip strength predominately due to pain and its consequences on motor function. Hence the mainstay of successful management of this…

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Physiotherapy in Korea

   physiotherapy in korea   History of Korean physical therapy association link: http://eng.kpta.co.kr/index.php KPTA was founded by Miss Thelma Maw (Korean name: Woo-Sook Maw), an American missionary and physical therapist, who first brought physical therapy to Korea in 1949. Standard school education was initially started at Soodo Medical Schoolin 1963 and then Yonsei University began the program of a four-year college course in 1979. Now, there are 29 colleges available with a three-year-course, 26 with a four-year-course, 7 graduate schools, and 5 doctoral degree courses in Korea and they raise…

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Αντιμετώπιση της Ρήξης του Προσθίου Χιαστού Συνδέσμου

Η αντιμετώπιση της κάκωσης αυτής εναρμονίζεται στις λειτουργικές απαιτήσεις κάθε ασθενούς. Ορισμένοι ασθενείς με όχι υψηλές απαιτήσεις οι οποίοι δεν εμφανίζουν συχνά επεισόδια αστάθειας και λειτουργικής ανεπάρκειας της άρθρωσης του γόνατος, είναι πιθανό να ωφεληθούν από ένα πρόγραμμα αποκατάστασης. Αυτό θα συμβάλλει στη βελτίωση της μυϊκής δύναμης και της ιδιοδεκτικής αισθητικότητας[1]. Ιδιαίτερα οι αθλητές και τα νέα και δραστήρια άτομα είναι πολύ πιθανό να χρειαστούν χειρουργική αντιμετώπιση προκειμένου να επιστρέψουν στο προ του τραυματισμού επίπεδο[2-4]. Ο αριθμός των επεμβάσεων συνδεσμοπλαστικής του Π.Χ.Σ ο οποίος πραγματοποιείται κάθε χρόνο στις ΗΠΑ είναι…

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