Manual Physical Therapy and Exercise Versus Electrophysical Agents and Exercise in the Management of Plantar Heel Pain

Manual Physical Therapy and Exercise Versus Electrophysical Agents and Exercise in the Management of Plantar Heel Pain:A Multicenter Randomized Clinical Trial   Study disign: Randomized clinical trial. Objective: To compare the effectiveness of 2 different conservative management approaches in the treatment of plantar heel pain. Background: There is insufficient evidence to establish the optimal physical therapy management strategies for patients with heel pain, and little evidence of long-term effects. Methods: Patients with a primary report of plantar heel pain underwent a standard evaluation and completed a number of patient self-report…

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Foot and Ankle Injuries in Dance

Nancy J. Kadel, MD Department of Orthopaedics and Sports Medicine, University of Washington, Box 356500, 1959 Northeast Pacific Street, Seattle, WA 98195, USA ‘‘The instrument through which the dance speaks is also the instrument through which life is lived.the human body.’’ Martha Graham, 1979 Dance is an art that combines athleticism with artistry. The demands placed on dancers’ lower extremities leave them at risk for musculoskeletal injuries. Previous studies have reported injury incidence rates of 67% to 95% among professional ballet dancers and 17% to 24% in modern dancers [1–6].…

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